Meteo-climatic analysis during the period 1984 – 2014 in Rome area (Central Italy)

  • Giovanni Conte ISPRA – Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale Dipartimento per la Difesa del Suolo – Servizio Geologico d’Italia Servizio Geologia Applicata e Idrogeologia, Roma, Italy.
  • Andrea Del Bon | andrea.delbon@libero.it Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra - Laboratorio di Idrogeologia Quantitativa, Roma, Italy.
  • Rossella Maria Gafà ISPRA – Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale Dipartimento per la Difesa del Suolo – Servizio Geologico d’Italia Servizio Geologia Applicata e Idrogeologia, Roma, Italy.
  • Lucio Martarelli ISPRA – Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale Dipartimento per la Difesa del Suolo – Servizio Geologico d’Italia Servizio Geologia Applicata e Idrogeologia, Roma, Italy.
  • Gennaro Maria Monti ISPRA – Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale Dipartimento per la Difesa del Suolo – Servizio Geologico d’Italia Servizio Geologia Applicata e Idrogeologia, Roma, Italy.

Abstract

In this paper rainfall trends and a seasonal distribution model of the period 1984-2014 for the urban area of Rome and surroundings are presented using the available data of 46 rain gauge stations. The average annual precipitation is 793 mm in the urban area and increases up to 945 mm in the surrounding hilly areas. The seasonal distribution of the isohyets is almost homogeneous, increasing from plain towards hilly areas. The scattered variability of annual rainfall does not allow the recognition of trends and cyclic tendencies, with the exception of seasonal variations. Nevertheless, the rainfall analysis highlights an increasing trend in winter and, to a lesser significant extent, in summer, while a decreasing tendency characterizes autumns and, definitely less spring periods. The annual rainfall time series analysis show significant changes for 28% out of the 46 stations considered, i.e.: descending to ascending trends or increasing of average values concomitant to the absence of significant trends. The plots of three-monthly (seasonal) total rainfall values show, for most of the rainfall stations, a winter season characterized by a negative to positive tendency inversion around 1993. According to the qualitative classification of the Seasonal Index (SI), the study area sectors fall between the classes “uniform but with a clear wet season” (SI=0.20-0.39) and “fairly seasonal with a minor dry season” (SI=0.40-0.59).The analysis of the rainfall was further developed by spatial elaboration of long-term trends derived from the data analysis of the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI), aggregated at annual, semiannual and quarterly scale.The analysis of the temperature data of 21 stations for the period 1984-2014 highlighted that, generally, isotherms follow the topographic elevations and the existence of an area, coinciding with the metropolitan area of Rome, characterized by temperatures greater than those of the surroundings.

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Published
2015-12-30
Keywords:
rainfall, seasonality index, standard precipitation index, temperature, Rome
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How to Cite
Conte, G., Del Bon, A., Gafà, R. M., Martarelli, L., & Monti, G. M. (2015). Meteo-climatic analysis during the period 1984 – 2014 in Rome area (Central Italy). Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater, 4(4). https://doi.org/10.7343/as-130-15-0157