Hydrogeology in Algeria

Published: 31 March 2023
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As climate change is growing, water security becomes an urgent challenge in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the most water scarce region in the world (World Bank, 2018; UN Water, 2020). Algeria is one of these countries under large stresses (Kwasi & Cilliers, 2020). The water stress index is poor with a water availability ratio of 411 m3/cap/year. Forecasts estimate a value of 300 m3/cap/year in 2050 (Falkenmark et al., 1989; Kherbache, 2020). Although, the natural factors (climate change) affect the access to water and lead either to severe water shortages and regional disparities, the water deficit is mainly due to a lack of sustainable groundwater management associated to poor knowledge of the resource (PNE,2010; Kherbache, 2020) [...].

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