Numerical simulation of seawater intrusion in the lower Seybouse aquifer system, Algeria
Accepted: 4 June 2023
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
Seawater intrusion represents a high risk for the water supply, the agriculture and industry activities in the lower Seybouse region of North-Eastern Algeria. In order to analyze this risk, a three-dimensional model was developed using the MODFLOW and MT3DMS codes to predict seawater intrusion in the coastal aquifer. The application of this model indicates that the groundwater withdrawals result in a continuous decrease of the water level and in an increase of chloride concentration. Moreover, the salt front could progress by 300 to 2500 m in the land. These results show the necessity of adequate measures for the protection of the aquifer. Numerical predictions for 2045, considering an increase of groundwater withdrawals by 20%, show a fairly significant decrease in water levels, up to -6 m with respect to the mean sea level, and an increase of Cl- concentrations up to about 10 km inland.
Acuña-Alonso, C., Fernandes, A.C.P., Álvarez, X., Valero, E., Pacheco, F.A.L., Varandas, S.D.G.P., Terêncio, D.P.S., & Fernandes, L.F.S. (2021). Water security and watershed management assessed through the modelling of hydrology and ecological integrity: A study in the Galicia-Costa (NW Spain). Science of The Total Environment, 759, 143905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143905 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143905
AFNOR (French Association of Normalisation) (1987). Documentation: collection of french standards. 3rd ed. Bulletin of the libraries of France (BBF), 4, 386-388.
Alfio, M.R., Balacco, G., Parisi, A., Totaro, V., & Fidelibus, M.D. (2020). Drought Index as Indicator of Salinization of the Salento Aquifer (Southern Italy). Water, 12(7), 1927. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12071927 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12071927
Bear, J. (1972). Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Media. New York, American Elsevier Pubishing Company, 764 pp.
Bouderbala, A. (2015). Groundwater salinization in semi-arid zones: an example from Nador plain (Tipaza, Algeria). Environmental Earth Sciences, 73(9), 5479-5496. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665- 014-3801-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3801-9
Bougherira, N., Hani, A., Toumi, F., Haied, N., & Djabri, L. (2015). Impact of ruban and industrial discharges on water quality in the Meboudja plain (Algéria). Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62(8), 1290-1300. https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2015.1052451 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2015.1052451
Chang, C.M., & Yeh, H.D. (2010). Spectral approach to seawater intrusion in heterogeneous coastal aquifers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(5), 719-727. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-14-719-2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-14-719-2010
Cimino, A., Cosentino, C., Oieni, A., & Tranchina, L. (2008). A geophysical and geochemical approach for seawater intrusion assessment in the Acquedolci coastal aquifer (Northern Sicily). Environmental Geology, 55, 1473-1482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1097-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1097-8
Comte, J.C. (2008). Contribution of electrical tomography to modeling density flows in coastal aquifers. Application to three contrasting climatic contexts (Canada, New Calédonia, Sénégal). Doctoral thesis, Aix-Marseille Academy, Avignon and Vaucluse countries University, 198 p.
Datta, B., Vennalakanti, H., & Dhar, A. (2009). Modeling and control of saltwater intrusion in a coastal aquifer of Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of hydro-environment Research, 3(3), 148-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jher.2009.09.002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jher.2009.09.002
Grove, D.B., & Stollenwerk, K.G. (1984). Computer Model of One- Dimensional Equilibrium Controlled Sorption Processes. U.S. Geol. Survey Resources Investigations Report, 84, 4059.
Harbaugh, A.W. (2005). MODFLOW-2005, the U.S. Geological Survey Modular Ground Water Model the Ground-Water Flow Process. Reston, VA, USA: US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey. Volume 6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3133/tm6A16
Ilias, S., & Pericles, L. (2016). Modeling seawater intrusion in overexploited aquifers in the absence of sufficient data: application to the aquifer of Nea Moudania, Northern Greece. Hydrogeology Journal, 24, 2123-2141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-016-1455-2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-016-1455-2
INERIS. (2000). Underground Pollution: Parameters and parameterization of models in flow and transport of polluants. TRANSPORT Project, Program 2000.
Javandel, I., Doughty, C. & Tsang, C.F. (1984). Groundwater Transport: Handbook of Mathematical Models. American Geophysical Union, Water Resources Monograph, 10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/WM010
Lamouroux, C., & Hani, A. (2006). Identification of groundwater flow paths in complex aquifer systems. Hydrological Processes: An International Journal, 20(14), 2971-2987. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6154
Lucassou, F., Schroëtter, J.M., Baptiste, J. & Coppo, N. (2019). Sensitivity of bretons coastal aquifers to saline intrusions. Final Report. BRGM/RP-69012-FR, 227.
Majour, H., Hani, A., & Djabri, L. (2018). Salinity and modelling of the Annaba aquifer system, North-East of Algeria. Journal of Water and Land Development, 37 (IV-VI). 113-120. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jwld-2018-0030
Mastrocicco, M. (2021). Studies on water resources salinization along the Italian coast: 30 years of work. Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater, 10(4), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2021-537. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2021-537
Oude Essink, G.H.P. (2001). Saltwater intrusion in a three-dimensional groundwater system in the Netherlands: A numerical study. Transport in Porous Media, 43, 137-158. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010625913251
Parisi, A., Alfio, M.R., Balacco, G., Güler, C., & Fidelibus, M.D. (2022). Analyzing spatial and temporal evolution of groundwater salinization through Multivariate Statistical Analysis and Hydrogeochemical Facies Evolution-Diagram. Science of the Total Environment, 862, 160697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160697 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160697
Sae-Ju, J., Chotpantarat, S., & Thitimakorn, T. (2020). Hydrochemical, geophysical and multivariate statistical investigation of the seawater intrusion in the coastal aquifer at Phetchaburi Province, Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 191, 104165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.104165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2019.104165
Sappa, G., Ferranti, F., & De Filippi, F.M. (2017). Assessment of Vulnerability To Seawater Intrusion For The Coastal Aquifer Of Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania). International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM17 (12), 111-118. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2017/12/S02.015
Sappa, G, De Filippi, F.M., Ferranti, F, & Iacurto, S. (2019). Environmental issues and anthropic pressures in coastal aquifers: a case study in Southern Latium Region. Acque Sotterranee-Italian Journal of Groundwater, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2019-373 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2019-373
Vila, J.M. 1980. The Alpine chain of Eastern Algeria and Algerian– Tunisian borders. Doctoral thesis, Pierre and Marie-Curie University, Paris VI, France, 58-68.
Werner, A.D., Bakker, M., Post, V., Vandenbohede, A., Lu, C., Ataie-Ashtiani, B., Simmons, C., & Barry, D.A. (2013). Seawater intrusion processes, investigation and management: recent advances and future challenges. Advances in water resources, 51, 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ADVWATRES.2012.03.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.03.004
Yang, J., Graf, T., Herold, M., & Ptak, T. (2013). Modelling the effects of tides and storm surges on coastal aquifers using a coupled surfacesubsurface approach. Journal of contaminant hydrology, 149, 61-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.03.002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.03.002
Zheng, C., & Wang, P. (1999). MT3DMS: A Modular Threedimensional Multispecies Transport Model for Simulation of Advection, Dispersion, and Chemical Reactions of Contaminants in Groundwater systems; documentation and user’s guide. US Army engineer research and Development Center Contract reportSERDP-99-1, Vicksburg, Miss. http://hdl.handle.net/11681/4734
Zheng, C., Cao, G., Hill, M.C., & Ma, R. (2012). MT3DMS: Model use, calibration, and validation. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 55(4), 1549-1559. DOI:10.13031/2013.42263 DOI: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.42263
Zouhri, L., Smaoui, H., Carlier, E., & Ouahsine, A. (2009). Modelling of hydrodispersive Processes in the fissured media by flux limiters schemes (Chalk aquifer, France). Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 50(3-4), 516-525. http://doi.org/10.1016//j.mcm.2009.0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2009.04.008
Copyright (c) 2023 the Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.