Modeling groundwater/surface-water interactions and their effects on hydraulic barriers, the case of the industrial area of Mantua (Italy)


Submitted: 29 April 2022
Accepted: 21 June 2022
Published: 28 June 2022
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Authors

  • Tullia Bonomi Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Davide Sartirana Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Luca Toscani Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Gennaro A. Stefania Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Chiara Zanotti Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Marco Rotiroti Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Agnese Redaelli Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
  • Letizia Fumagalli Department of Earth and Enviromental Sciences (DISAT), University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.

The town of Mantua is a good example of an urban area with an intricate surface water system leading to complex groundwater/surface-water interactions. In this context, the Site of National Interest (SIN) “Laghi di Mantova e Polo Chimico”, is characterized by intense pumping activity by means of industrial wells and hydraulic barriers. In order to establish the interactions between groundwater and the surface water system, evaluating their relation with the pumping activities, a transient groundwater numerical model was developed (January 2016 - December 2018) using MODFLOW-2005 and the Streamflow-Routing (SFR2) package, following a participatory approach. Results show how, depending on the minimum/ maximum groundwater conditions and the discharge values of the surface channels, the relation between groundwater/surface-waters can vary during the year, also affecting the operation of the hydraulic barriers. The stakeholders could use the calibrated model in the future to ensure optimal management of the pumping activities within the SIN.


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